- Armenian Literature, History, Religion
James Bryce, 1st Viscount Bryce


(1838 – 1922)

British jurist, historian, diplomat and politician. Also well-known as an alpinist, Bryce climbed Mt. Ararat in 1876 and later published a travelogue called Transcaucasia and Ararat (1877). From 1907 to 1913 he served as Her Majesty's ambassador to the United States.

The most notable of his works concerning the Armenian question is the collection of eye-witness accounts on the Armenian genocide, compiled with the help of the famous historian Arnold J. Toynbee and published by the British government in 1916 under the title The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire, 1915-16 (also known as “Blue Book”).

This work still angers the deniers of the Armenian genocide and all possible means are being employed to discredit its factual accuracy. For example, in the original version of the book the names of the correspondents were withheld for security considerations. That was used by some Turkish historians to declare the Blue Book as disinformation and wartime propaganda. However in 2000 historian Ara Sarafian published the critical and uncensored version of the book, thus once again confirming its importance as a primary source on the Armenian Genocide.


The Treatment of Armenians in the Ottoman Empire 1915-16
London, T. Fisher Unwin Ltd., 1916

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