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James Bryce

THE TREATMENT OF ARMENIANS IN THE OTTOMAN EMPIRE

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TABLE OF CONTENTS.
____________

The titles are italicised in the case of documents which relate merely to the condition of refugees in Egypt and Caucasia, and not to the events in Turkey and N.W. Persia of which these refugees had been the victims.

  PAGE
Map of Districts affected Frontispiece
Correspondence between Viscount Grey of Fallodon and Viscount Bryce xv.
Preface by Viscount Bryce xxi.
Letter from Mr. H. A. L. Fisher, Vice-Chancellor of Sheffield Uni¬versity, to Viscount Bryce xxix.
Letter from Prof. Gilbert Murray, Regius Professor of Greek in the University of Oxford, to Viscount Bryce xxxi.
Letter from Mr. Moorfield Storey, ex-President of the American Bar Association, to Viscount Bryce xxxii.
Letter from Four German Missionaries to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs at Berlin xxxiii.
Memorandum by the Editor of the Documents xxxv.
     
I.—General Descriptions 1
1. Despatch from Mr. Henry Wood, Correspondent of the American " United Press " at Constantinople ; pub¬lished in the American Press, 14th August, 1915 2
  2. Despatch, dated 11th June, 1915, from an especially well-informed neutral source at Constantinople ; com¬municated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 4
  3. Extract from a letter, dated Arabkir, 25th June/8th July, 1915, communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief. 5
  4. Letter from an authoritative source, dated Constanti¬nople, 15 /28th June, 1915 ; published in the New York journal "Gotchnag," 28th August, 1915 6
  5. Letter from the same source, dated Constantinople, 12/25th July, 1915 ; published in the New York journal " Gotchnag," 28th August, 1915 8
  6. Letter from the same source, dated Constantinople, 13/26th July, 1915, and addressed to a distinguished Armenian resident beyond the Ottoman frontier 9
  7. Letter from the same source, dated Constantinople, 2nd/15th August, 1915, and addressed to the same Armenian resident beyond the Ottoman frontier 12
  8. Extracts from a letter, dated Athens, 8th/21st July, 1915, from an Armenian formerly resident in Turkey to a prominent Armenian in Western Europe 17
  9. Letter, dated 3rd/16th August, 1915, conveyed beyond the Ottoman frontier by an Armenian refugee from Cilicia in the sole of her shoe 20
  10. Letter from Mr. N., a foreign resident at Constantinople, dated 27th August, 1915; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 22

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  11. Memorandum dated 15 /28th October, 1915, from a well-informed source at Bukarest, relating to the extermina¬tion of the Armenians in Turkey 23
  12. Information regarding events in Armenia, published in the " Sonnenaufgang " (organ of the " German League for the Promotion of Christian Charitable Work in the East "), October, 1915 ; and in the " Allgemeine Mis¬sions-Zeitschrift," November, 1915 25
  13. Statement made by a foreign resident at Constantinople to a Swiss gentleman at Geneva ; communicated by the latter 28
  14. Cablegram, dated 4th May, 1916, transmitted through the State Department at Washington to the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief, from the Committee's representatives in Turkey 29
II.—Vilayet of Van 31
  15. The American Mission at Van : Narrative printed privately in the United States by Miss Grace Higley Knapp (1915) 32
  16. Van : Letter dated Van, 7th June, 1915, from Mr. Y. K. Rushdouni; published in the " Manchester Guardian," 2nd August, 1915 48
  17. Van : Narrative by Mr. Y. K. Rushdouni, published serially in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York 52
  18. Van after the Turkish retreat : Letter from Herr Sporri, of the German Mission at Van, published in the German journal " Sonnenaufgang," October, 1915 71
  19. Van after the massacres : Narrative of Mr. A. S. Safrastian, dated Van, 2nd December, 1915, and published in the Armenian journal " Ararat," of London, January, 1916 72
  20. Van : Interview with a refugee, Mrs. Gazarian, pub¬lished in the " Pioneer Press," of St. Paul, Minnesota, U.S.A 76
III.—Vilayet of Bitlis 79
  21. The North-Eastern Vilayets : Statement communicated by the Refugee Roupen, of Sassoun, to the Armenian Community at Moscow ; published in the Russian Press, and subsequently reprinted in the " Gazette de Lau¬sanne," 13th February, 1916 80
  22. Bitlis, Moush and Sassoun : Record of an interview with Roupen, of Sassoun, by Mr. A. S. Safrastian, dated Tiflis, 6th November, 1915 83
  23. Moush : Statement by a German eye-witness of occur¬rences at Moush; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 88
  24. Moush District: Narrative of a deported woman, related by her to Mr. Vartkes, of Moush, recorded by him on the 25th July, 1915, and published subsequently in the Armenian journal " Van-Tosp " 92
  25. Moush : Résumé of information furnished by refugees in the Caucasus and published in the Caucasian Press, especially in the Armenian journal " Mschak" ; compiled by Mr. G. H. Paelian, and communicated by him to the Armenian journal "Ararat," of London, March, 1916 94

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  26. Bitlis : Letter dated 14th October, 1915, from a foreign resident at Bitlis to a German official; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 96
IV.—Azerbaijan and Hakkiari 99
  27. Urmia : Statement by the Rev. William A. Shedd, D.D., of the American (Presbyterian) Mission Station at Urmia ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 100
  28. First Exodus from Urmia, January, 1915 : Report, dated 1st March, 1915, from the Rev. Robert M. Labaree, of the American Mission Station at Urmia, to the Hon. F. Willoughby Smith, U.S. Consul at Tiflis ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 105
  29. Azerbaijan, behind the Russian front: Extracts from a series of letters by the Rev. Robert M. Labaree ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 110
  30. Tabriz: Letter dated Tabriz, 17th March, 1915, from the Rev. F. N. Jessup ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 113
  31. Urmia during the Turco-Kurdish occupation : Diary of a Missionary, edited by Miss Mary Schauffler Platt, and published by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 119
  32. Urmia after its evacuation by the Turks and Kurds : Letter dated Urmia, 20th May, 1915, from Mrs. J. P. Cochran to friends in the United States ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 151
  33. Urmia : Letter, dated Urmia, 25th May, 1915, from the Rev. Y. M. Nisan to the Rev. F. N. Heazell, Organising Secretary of the Archbishop of Canterbury's Assyrian Mission 156
  34. Urmia : Narrative of Dr. Jacob Sargis, recorded in a despatch, dated Petrograd, 12th February, 1916, from the correspondent at Petrograd of the American "Associated Press" 158
  35. Urmia: Extracts from the Annual Report (for the year 1915) presented by the Medical Department at Urmia to the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 161
  36. Urmia, Salmas and Hakkiari : Statement by Mr. Paul Shimmon, published in the Armenian journal " Ararat," of London, November, 1915 164
  37. Hakkiari : Statement by Mr. Paul Shimmon, published in the " Churchman" newspaper, and subsequently issued as a pamphlet; communicated by Mrs. D. S. Margoliouth, of Oxford 169
  38. Refugees from the Hakkiari District : Series of extracts from letters by members of the American Mission Station at. Urmia ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 172

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  39. Refugees from Hakkiari : Letter dated 26th September / 9th October, 1915, from a relative of Mar Shimun, the Patriarch ; communicated by the Rev. F. N. Heazell 175
  40. Refugees from Hakkiari : Letter, dated Diliman, 1st/14th April, 1916, from Surma, the sister of Mar Shimun, to Mrs. D. S. Margoliouth, of Oxford 177
  41. The Nestorians of the Bohtan District : Letter, dated Salmas, 6th March, 1916, from the Rev. E.W. McDowell, of the Urmia Mission Station, reporting information brought by a young man (with whom Mr. McDowell was previously acquainted) who had escaped the massacre ; communicated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 180
  42. Second Exodus from Urmia: Letter dated Tabriz, 20th August, 1915, from Mr. Hugo A. Müller (Treasurer of the American Mission Station at Urmia) ; com¬municated by the Board of Foreign Missions of the Presbyterian Church in the U.S.A. 182
  43. Second Exodus from Urmia : Narrative of a Nestorian victim, the wife of the Rev. David Jacob, of Urmia, published in the Armenian journal " Ararat," of London, January, 1916 184
  44. Urmia District : Report on the distribution of relief, covering the period 1st June to 31st December, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 187
  45. Azerbaijan : Statement, dated Tiflis, 22nd February, 1916, by Mr. M. Philips Price, War Correspondent for various British and American newspapers on the Caucasian Front; communicated to Aneurin "Williams, Esq., M.P., and published in the Armenian journal "Ararat," of London, March, 1916 191
V.—The Refugees in the Caucasus 193
  46. The Flight to the Caucasus : Despatches to the Armenian journal "Horizon," of Tiflis, from Mr. Sampson Aroutiounian, President of the Armenian National Committee of Tiflis, who went in person to meet the Refugees 194
  47. The Flight to the Caucasus : Despatch from the special correspondent of the Armenian journal " Arev," of Bakou 197
  48. Memorandum on the condition of Armenian Refugees in the Caucasus and Orphans at Van; compiled in the British Foreign Office from information, dated 9th Decem¬ber, 1915, which was furnished by Mr. Stevens, British Consul at Batoum 199
  49. Memorandum on the condition of Armenian Refugees in the Caucasus ; compiled in the British Foreign Office from information, dated 29th December, 1915, which was furnished by Mr. Stevens, British Consul at Batoum 203
  50. Report on the activity of Armenian Refugee Relief Organisations in the Caucasus and Turkish Armenia; enclosed inadespatch (No. I.), dated Batoum, 3rd January, 1916, from Mr. Consul Stevens to the British Foreign, Office 208
  51. Refugees in the Caucasus : Letter dated Erivan, 29th December, 1915, from the Rev. S. G. Wilson to fir. Samuel T. Dutton, Secretary of the American Committed for Armenian and Syrin Relief 216
     

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  52. Repatriation of Refugees: Letter, dated Erivan (?), March, 1916, from the Rev. S. G. Wilson ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 219
VI.—Vilayet of Erzeroum 221
  53. Erzeroum: Record of an Interview between the Rev. H. J. Buxton and the Rev. Robert Stapleton, a missionary of the American Board, resident at Erzeroum from before the outbreak of war until after the capture of the city by the Russians 222
  54. Erzeroum: Report, dated 25th September, 1915, drawn up by the American Consul-General at Trebizond, after his return from a visit to Erzeroum; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 228
  55. Erzeroum : Abstract of a Report by Mr. B. H. Khou¬nountz, representative of the " All-Russian Urban Union," on a visit to Erzeroum after the Russian occupation ; published in the Armenian journal " Horizon," of Tiflis, 25th February, 1916 231
  56. Erzeroum : Abstract of a Report by Dr. Y. Minassian, who accompanied Mr. Khounountz to Erzeroum as representative of the Caucasian Section of the " All-Russian Urban Union " ; published in the Armenian journal " Mschak," of Tiflis, 8th March, 1916 233
  57. Erzeroum : Statement by Mr. A. S. Safrastian, dated Tiflis, 15th March, 1916 236
  58. Erzeroum : Statement by the Kurd Ali-Aghazade Faro, published in the Armenian journal "Mschak," 19th December, 1915 241
  59. Baibourt: Narrative of an Armenian lady deported in the third convoy ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 242
  60. Baibourt: Statement, reproduced from the Armenian journal " Horizon," of Tiflis, in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York, 18th March, 1916 244
  61. Baibourt, Keghi, and Erzindjan : Letter, dated Er¬zeroum, 25th May/7th June, 1915; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 245
  62. Erzindjan : Statement by two Red Cross Nurses of Danish Nationality, formerly in the service of the German Military Mission at Erzeroum ; communicated by a Swiss gentleman of Geneva 246
  63. Kamakh and Erzeroum : Statement published in the New York journal "Gotchnag," 4th September, 1915 255
VII.—Vilayet of Mamouret-ul-Aziz 257
  64. H. : Statement made by Miss DA., a Danish lady in the service of the German Red Cross at H., to Mr. DB., at Basle, and communicated by Mr. DB. to Lord Bryce 258
  65. H. : Report, dated 11th July, 1915, from a foreign resident at H. ; communicated by the American Com¬mittee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 262
  66. H. : Memorandum forwarded by a foreign resident at H. (the author of the preceding report) ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 265

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  67. H. : Narrative of an Armenian Refugee from H. ; communicated to Lord Bryce by the correspondent of the London " Times " at Bukarest 268
  68. Mamouret-ul-Aziz: Narrative of an Armenian lady deported from C. (a place half-an-hour's distance from H.), describing her journey from C. to Ras-ul-Ain ; written after her escape from Turkey, and dated Alexandria, 2nd November, 1915 ; published in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York, 8th January, 1916 271
  69. H. : Statement by the Principal of the College, dated 19th July, 1915; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 278
  70. H. : Statement by the Principal of the College, dated 19th July, 1915, relating to the deportation of Armenians from villages in the neighbourhood of H. ; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 281
  71. H. : Letter, dated 10th November, 1915, from the Principal of the College at H. to Mr. N. at Constanti¬nople; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 282
VIII.—Vilayet of Trebizond, and Sandjak of Shabin Kara-Hissar 285
  72. Trebizond : Report from a foreign resident at Trebi¬zond ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 286
  73. Trebizond : Extracts from an interview with Comm. G. Gorrini, late Italian Consul-General at Trebizond ; published in the journal " Il Messaggero," of Rome, 25th August, 1915 290
  74. Trebizond : Narrative of the Montenegrin Kavass of the local branch of the Ottoman Bank ; published in the Armenian journal "Arev," of Alexandria, 2nd October, 1915 293
  75. Kerasond (Kiresoun), Trebizond and Shabin Kara-Hissar: Evidence collected by an Armenian gentleman from eye-witnesses now in Roumania; communicated by the correspondent of the London " Times " at Bukarest 294
  76. Trebizond and Erzeroum : Despatch from the corres¬pondent of the London " Times " at Bukarest, dated Bukarest, 18th May, and published on the 22nd May, 1916 299
IX.—Sivas : The City and Parts of the Vilayet 301
  77. Sivas : Letter from a foreign resident at Sivas, dated 13th July, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 302
  78. Sivas : Letter written from Malatia by Miss Mary L. Graffam, Principal of the Girls' High School at Sivas, to a correspondent at Constantinople ; reprinted from the Boston " Missionary Herald," December, 1915 305
  79. Extracts from a letter, dated Massachusetts, 29th August, 1915, from another foreign resident at Sivas to Mr. G. H. Paelian 309
  80. Sivas : Narrative of a naturalised Ottoman subject, dated New York City, 10th March, 1916; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 311

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  81. Sivas: The Adventures of Murad ; narrated by "S.H.S." in the journal "The New Armenia," of New York, 1st March, 1916 317
  82. Sivas : Record of an Interview given by the Refugee Murad to Mr. A. S. Safrastian at Tiflis 320
X.—Sandjak of Kaisaria 327
  83. Kaisaria : Statement by a traveller from Kaisaria, published in the Armenian journal " Balkanian Mamoul," of Roustchouk 328
  84. Everek : Statement published in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York, 28th August, 1915 329
  85. K. : Letter from a foreign resident at K., dated 16th November, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 330
XI.—The Town of X 331
  86. X. : Narrative of the Principal of the College at X. ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 332
  87. X. : Address delivered in America, 13th December, 1915, by a professor from the College at X. ; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 336
  88. X. : Statement by Miss AA., a foreign traveller in Turkey ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 349
  89. Narrative of Miss AA., a foreign traveller in Asiatic Turkey, describing a journey from X. to Z., 10th August to 6th September, 1915 ; communicated by the Ameri¬can Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 356
  90. X. : Report from Mr. AL., a foreign resident at L., in Asiatic Turkey, dated 26th August, 1915 ; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 364
  91. X. (?) : Narrative of a foreign resident of German nationality ; communicated by the American Com¬mittee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 367
  92. X. : Letter, dated New York City, 30th December, 1915, from Professor QQ., of the College at X., to an Armenian Professor resident beyond the Ottoman frontier 369
  93. X. : Narrative of a journey from X. to Constantinople, by Professor QQ., of the College at X.; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 373
  94. X. : Narrative of Miss CC, communicated by her to a Swiss gentleman at Geneva during her passage through Switzerland in December, 1915 378
XII.—The City of Angora 381
  95. Angora : Statement by a traveller, not of Armenian nationality, who passed through Angora in August, 1915 382
  96. Angora : Extract from the narrative (Doc. 88) of Miss AA., a foreign traveller in Asiatic Turkey ; com¬municated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief. 385

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  97. Angora: Extract from a letter dated 16th September, 1915; appended to the Memorandum (Doc. 11), dated 15 /28th October, 1915, from a well-informed source at Bukarest 388
XIII.—Thrace, Constantinople, Broussa and Ismid 389
  98. The Metropolitan Districts : Information published in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York 390
  99. Constantinople : Letter, dated Constantinople, 13 /26th October, 1915, from an Armenian inhabitant; published in the Armenian journal " Balkanian Mamoul," of Roustchouk 392
  100. Adrianople : Despatch from the correspondent of the London "Times" at Bukarest, dated 18th December and published on the 21st December, 1915 394
  101. Broussa : Report by a foreign visitor to the city, dated 24th September, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 395
  102. Adapazar : Statement, dated 24th September, 1915, by a foreign resident in Turkey ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 398
  103. Adapazar : Fuller statement by the author of the preceding document; published in the journal " The New Armenia," of New York, 15th May, 1916 400
XIV.—The Anatolian Railway 407
  104. The Anatolian Railway: Narrative of a journey, during the deportation of the Armenians, by a physician of foreign nationality, who had been resident in Turkey for ten years ; communicated by the American Com¬mittee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 409
  105. Eski Shehr : Letter from an Armenian victim, published in the Armenian journal " Horizon," of Tiflis, 30th October/12th November, 1915 414
  106. Afiun Kara Hissar : Letter dated Afiun Kara Hissar, 10th /23rd September, 1915 ; published in the Armenian journal "Horizon," of Tiflis, 30th October/12th November, 1915 416
  107. Afiun Kara Hissar : Resume of a letter, dated Afiun Kara Hissar, 2nd/15th October, 1915 ; appended to the Memorandum (Doc, 11), dated 15/28th October, 1915, from a well-informed source at Bukarest 417
  108. Afiun Kara Hissar: Letter, dated Massachusetts, 22nd November, 1915, from an American traveller; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 418
  109. Q. : Report from Dr. D., dated Q., 8th September, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 421
  110. Q. : Report from Dr. E., dated Q., 3rd September, 1915; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 426
  111. Q. : Letter from Dr. E., dated 27th October, 1915; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 431
  112. Q. : Letter, dated Q., 25th November, 1915, from Dr, E. to Mr. N. at Constantinople ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 433

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  113. Konia : Résumé of a letter, dated Konia, 2nd/15th October, 1915 ; appended to the Memorandum (Doc. 11), dated 15th /28th October, 1915, from a well-informed source at Bukarest 437
  114. Baghdad Railway : Diary of a foreign resident in the town of B., on a section of the line; edited by William Walter Rockwell, Esq., Ph.D., and published by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief (1916) 438
  115. AE., a town on the Railway: Series of Reports from a foreign resident at AE., communicated by the Ameri¬can Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 450
  116. The Taurus and Amanus passes : Extracts from a Letter, dated Aleppo, 5th November, 1915, from Dr.L., a foreign resident in Turkey, to Mr. N. at Constanti¬nople ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 454
  117. The Amanus passes : Statements by two Swiss residents in Turkey ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 455
  118. Smyrna — Aleppo — Damascus — Aleppo — Smyrna : Itinerary of a foreign traveller in Asiatic Turkey ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 459
XV.—Cilicia (Vilayet of Adana and Sandjak of Marash) 465
  119. Cilicia : Address (with enclosure), dated 3rd July, 1915, from the Armenian Colony in Egypt to His Excellency Lieutenant-General Sir J. G. Maxwell, Commander-in-Chief of His Britannic Majesty's Forces in Egypt 468
  120. Cilicia : Letter, dated 20th June, 1915, from Dr. L., a foreign resident in Turkey; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 472
  121. BM.: Letter from a foreign eye-witness, dated 6th July, 1915, on board a steamship ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 474
  122. Zeitoun : Antecedents of the deportation, recorded by the Rev. Stephen Trowbridge, Secretary of the Cairo Committee of the American Red Cross, from an oral statement by the Rev. Dikran Andreasian, Pastor of the Armenian Protestant Church at Zeitoun 479
  123. Exiles from Zeitoun : Diary of a foreign resident in the town of B. on the Cilician plain; communicated by a Swiss gentleman of Geneva 482
  124. Exiles from Zeitoun : Further statement by the author of the preceding document; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 487
  125. Exiles from Zeitoun : Letter, dated Konia, 17th July, 1915, from a foreign resident at Konia to Mr. N. at Constantinople; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 490
  126. AF. : Statement, dated 16th December, 1915, by a foreign resident at AF.; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 492
  127. AF. : Record of individual cases, drawn up by the author of the preceding statement, and dated 17th December, 1915 500

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  128. Adana : Statement, dated 3rd December, 1915, by a foreign resident at Adana; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief. 502
  129. Adana : Statement, dated 9th May, 1916, by Miss Y., a foreign resident at Adana, recording her experiences there from September, 1914, to September, 1915 505
XVI.—Jibal Mousa 511
  130. Jibal Mousa : The defence of the mountain and the rescue of its defenders by the French Fleet; narrative of an eye-witness, the Rev. Dikran Andreasian, Pastor of the Armenian Protestant Church at Zeitoun 512
  131. Jibal Mousa: Report, dated Egypt, 28th September, 1915, on the Armenian Refugees rescued and trans¬ported to Port Said by the cruisers of the French Fleet ; drawn up by Mgr. Thorgom, Bishop of the Gregorian Community in Egypt 521
  132. Jibal Mousa : Another report on the Refugees at Port Said, drawn up by Mr. Tovmas K. Muggerdichian, formerly Dragoman of the British Consulate at Diyarbekir 525
XVII.—The Towns of Ourfa and AC 527
  133. Ourfa : Letter, dated Ourfa, 14th June, 1915, from Mr. K. ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 528
  134. Ourfa: Extract from a letter by Mr. Tovmas K. Muggerdichian; published in the Armenian journal " Gotchnag," of New York, 1st April, 1916 530
  135. Ourfa : Interview with Mrs. J. Vance Young, an eye¬witness of the events at Ourfa; published in the "Egyptian Gazette," 28th September/1lth October, and reproduced in the Armenian journal " Houssaper," of Cairo, 30th September/13th October, 1915 531
  136. Ourfa : Postscript to a memorandum (Doc. 141) by a foreign witness from Aleppo ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief. 532
  137. AC. : Statement by Miss A., a foreign resident at AC, written subsequently to her departure from Turkey in September, 1915 ; communicated by the Rev. I. N. Camp, of Cairo 533
  138. AC. : Letters from an Armenian inhabitant, describing the deportation of Armenians from Cilicia ; communi¬cated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 544
XVIII.—Vilayet of Aleppo 545
  139. Aleppo : Series of Reports from a foreign resident at Aleppo ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 547
  140. Aleppo: Memorandum, dated Aleppo, 18th June/lst July, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 551
  141. Aleppo : Memorandum by a foreign witness from Aleppo ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 552
  142. Aleppo: Message, dated 17th February, 1916, from Fraiilein O. ; published in the German journal " Son¬nenaufgang," April, 1916 555

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XIX.—Vilayet of Damascus and Sandjak of Der-el-Zor 557
  143. Damascus : Report from a foreign resident at Damascus, dated 20th September, but containing information up to the 3rd October, 1915 ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 558
  144. Exiles on the Euphrates : Record, dated Erzeroum, June, 1915, by M. Henry Barby, of an interview with Dr. H. Toroyan, an Armenian physician formerly in the service of the Ottoman Army; published in " Le Journal," of Paris, 13th July, 1916 562
  145. Der-el-Zor: Letter, dated 12th July, 1915, from Schwester L. Mohring, a German missionary, describing her journey from Baghdad to the passes of Amanus ; published in the German journal " Sonnenaufgang," September, 1915 566
XX.—Documents received while going to press 571
  146. Despatch from Mr. Henry Wood (Doc. 1) : Fuller version, obtained through the courtesy of the representa¬tive of the American " United Press " in London 572
  147. Urmia, Salmas, and Hakkiari : Fuller statement by Mr. Paul Shimmon, edited, as a pamphlet, by the Rev. F. N. Heazell, Organising Secretary of the Arch¬bishop of Canterbury's Assyrian Mission 577
  148. First exodus from Urmia : Narrative of Mr. J. D. Barnard, of the Archbishop of Canterbury's Assyrian Mission ; published in the " Assyrian Mission Quarterly Paper," April, 1915 587
  149. Erzeroum : Letter, dated 21st March, 1916, from the Rev. Robert S. Stapleton to the Hon. F. Willoughby Smith, U.S. Consul at Tiflis ; communicated by the American Committee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 589
A Summary of Armenian History up to and including the year 1915 591
I. — The European War and Armenia 593
II. — An Outline of Armenian History 596
III. — Dispersion and Distribution of the Armenian Nation 607
IV. — The Armenian People and the Ottoman Government 617
V. — The Deportations of 1915: Antecedents 627
VI. — The Deportations of 1915 : Procedure 637
Annexe A 654
Annexe B 657
Annexe C 659
Annexe D 661
Annexe E 662
Annexe F 664
Index of Places referred to in the Documents 669
  150. Message, dated 22nd July, 1916, from Mr. N., of Con¬stantinople ; communicated by the American Com¬mittee for Armenian and Syrian Relief 684

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Contents   Cover   Map    Title page   Insert    Contents (as in the book)
Correspondence   Preface   Letters    Memorandum
Chapter I   II   III    IV    V   VI    VII   VIII   IX   X   XI    XII   XIII   XIV
XV   XVI   XVII   XVIII   XIX   XX
Summary   Annexe   Index of place   Message

Acknowledgements:

Source: Viscount Bryce The Treatment of Armenians.London, 1916
Scanned by: Irina Minasyan
OCR: Irina Minasyan
Corrections: Anna Vrtanesyan, Lina Kamalyan

See also:
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