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Rendel J. Harris and Helen B. Harris

LETTERS FROM ARMENIA


[page ix]

CONTENTS

LETTER   PAGE
I. ARRIVAL AT CONSTANTINOPLE — VISIT TO THE BRITISH EMBASSY 1
II. VISIT TO JUDGE TARRING — A FRIENDS' MEETING IN STAMBOUL — ROBERT COLLEGE — VISIT TO THE PATRIARCH IZMIRLIAN — FRIENDS OF THE SUFFERING ARMENIANS AT CHALCEDON, ETC. 6
III. ARRIVAL OF THE " TESKEREH " — THE NEWLY DISCOVERED SIXTH-CENTURY GOSPELS 15
IV. PROJECTED DEPARTURE FROM SMYRNA TO ALEXANDRETTA — AN AMERICAN LADY MISSIONARY FROM THE INTERIOR — POSSIBILITY OF ARMENIAN EMIGRATION
17
V. ARRIVAL AT ALEXANDRETTA — START FOR THE INTERIOR 22
VI. JOURNEY TO AINTAB — TROUBLES AT KILLIS — AN EARLY START BAULKED — A HARD NIGHT — ARRIVAL AT AINTAB 27
VII. AMERICAN BRAVERY — OFFICIAL HYPOCRISY AND FATALISM — DETAILS OF THE GREAT MASSACRE — INSULTS TO ENGLAND — OCCUPATIONS OF ARMENIAN WOMEN — SOME COMPASSIONATE TURKS, ETC
30
VIII. AMERICAN CIVILISATION IN THE MIDST OF TURKISH DESOLATION — REVIVAL OF RELIGION IN AINTAB — REMARKABLE SERVICES IN THE OLD GREGORIAN AND PROTESTANT CHURCHES
41
IX. CROSSING THE EUPHRATES — DRYING UP OF THE GREAT RIVER — DIFFUSION OF THE KURDS — MISS SHATTUCK, THE HEROINE OF OURFA, ETC 49
X. A MORNING WITH MISS SHATTUCK AT OURFA 54
XI. HOUSE HIRED IN OURFA — ANCIENT LEGENDS OF EDESSA — RELIEF WORK IN THE CITY — AN ARCHAEOLOGICAL PUZZLE, ETC 59
XII. VISIT TO THE BURNED CHURCH — A CALL UPON THE PASHA'S WIFE — HER WARM SYMPATHY WITH THE SUFFERING PEOPLE, ETC 68

[page x]

LETTER   PAGE
XIII. A COMMUNICATION FROM SOME LEADING EDESSANS 75
XIV. SCHEMES OF RELIEF AND SOCIAL RECONSTRUCTION — ORPHANS, WIDOWS, AND SCHOOLS 81
XV. OUR FOURTH SUNDAY IN OURFA — WOMEN'S MEETING IN THE PROTESTANT CHURCH — AN ARMENIAN BETROTHAL — LETTERS FROM MISSIONARIES 88
XVI. WE LEAVE OURFA AND VISIT GARMOUSH AND SEVERER — A NIGHT IN A HOVEL — MASSACRE IN SEVBREK — OUR SERVANT CLAPPED IN PRISON — A NIGHT IN A KURDISH TENT — ARRIVAL AT DIARBEKIR
96
XVII. DIFFICULTIES AT DIARBEKIR — A ROUGH RIDE TO MARDIN — EXCURSION IN SEARCH OF MSS. — ALEXANDER IN TROUBLE AGAIN 103
XVIII. CLOSING OF THE HIGH SCHOOL — IMPOSING CEREMONIES — VISIT TO THE JACOBITE SCHOOLS, ETC 109
XIX. FIRST RUMOURS OF THE VAN MASSACRE 113
XX. A MODERN SIMEON STYLITES — BRIEF ACCOUNT OF A VISIT TO THE TUR ABDIN — VISIT TO A TURKISH PRISON, ETC. 115
XXI. JOURNEY FROM MARDIN TO DIARBEKIR — FORDING THE TIGRIS RIVER — INCIDENT AT A DESOLATED VILLAGE — NATURE AND EFFECTS OF THE MASSACRE AT DIARBEKIR — THE FRENCH CONSUL — PLANS FOR FUTURE MOVEMENTS 123
XXII. ATTEMPTS AT RELIEF IN DIARBEKIR AND NEIGHBOURHOOD — A REVIEW OF HAMIDIYEH CAVALRY, ETC. — A SAD LETTER FROM AINTAB 130
XXIII. JOURNEY FROM DIARBEKIR TO HARPOOT — TAURUS MOUNTAINS — SOURCE OF THE TIGRIS — HEROIC BAND OF MISSIONARIES AT HARPOOT : STORY OF THEIR PRESERVATION DURING THE MASSACRE AND IN THE PRESENCE OF DEATH 141
XXIV. HOW TO HELP THE DESOLATED VILLAGES ? — CONDITION AROUND HARPOOT — DESPAIR OF THE VILLAGERS — PETITION FROM HOO-I-LOO FOR REBUILDING OF PROTESTANT CHURCH — VISIT TO THE VILLAGE IN RUINS — MEAL IN AN ORCHARD — ASSESSING THE TAXES OF THE DEAD UPON THE SURVIVORS — PLANS FOR FUTURE WORK — VAN, MALATIA, ETC. 147

[page xi]

LETTER   PAGE
XXV. VIGOROUS PROTESTS AGAINST WESTERN SCEPTICISM — DIFFICULTIES OF RELIEF WORK — REBUILDING OF VILLAGES, ETC 155
XXVI. DETENTION AT HARPOOT OWING TO DIFFICULTIES OF TRANSIT STORY OF A YOUNG ARMENIAN, JUST RECOVERED FROM HIS WOUNDS, NOW PUT IN PRISON — QUESTION OF THE RELEASE OF THE MANY IMPRISONED ARMENIANS ; IS BRIBERY LAWFUL ? — A HARD CASE — EXAMPLE OF THE EARLY CHURCH — THE MISSIONARIES' DECISION — LETTER FROM OURFA — TEACHING THE WOMEN AND GIRLS — WORK FOR THE ORPHANS — "HARRIS HOME" IN FULL OPERATION — ONLY THOSE ENTIRELY ORPHANED CAN BE HELPED 160
XXVII. ARRIVAL AT MALATIA — EXTENSIVE DISTRESS THERE — A PARADISE CITY — ACCOUNT OF THE MASSACRE — THE RUINS TO-DAY — HOW TO HELP THE PEOPLE — THE REFORM COMMISSIONER — LARGE MEETING IN A GARDEN — DEPARTURE OF J. R. H. — PASSPORTS FOR THE TWO SERVANTS — INTERVIEW WITH SHAKIR PASHA, AND WITH THE PASHA'S WIFE IN THE HAREM — A FRIENDLY BEY WHO HELPED THE ARMENIANS — EMBROIDERY WORK — BOARDING OUT THE ORPHANS: FIVE POUNDS FOR ONE YEAR — THE PRESS OF TEARFUL WOMEN — CONFISCATING THE FRUIT IN THE GARDENS — PERSECUTION OF KURDS WHO REFUSED TO MASSACRE — MISS BUSH AND DR. GATES 166
XXVIII. OUR LAST DAY IN MALATIA : A BUSY CROWD — SELECTING FIFTY ORPHANS OUT OF FIFTEEN HUNDRED — DEPARTURE — GOODNESS OF SOME MOSLEMS — THE ZAPTIEHS — JOURNEY BACK TO HARPOOT BEGUILED BY HYMNS — WELCOME AT HARPOOT — PLANS FOR VAN
175
  MEMORANDUM : NOTES OF INFORMATION FROM J. R. H. 180
XXIX. PRIVATE LETTER OF THANKS FOR UNEXPECTED CONTRIBUTION — BUILDING OF SCHOOLS, ETC., AT MALATIA — THE PEOPLE SET CHURCH BEFORE HOUSES — ONE THOUSAND CHILDREN TO BE ACCOMMODATED — A JOINT SCHOOL BOARD — UNION OF THE CHURCHES 191
XXX. JOURNEY TO VAN PUT ASIDE FOR THE PRESENT — HEMMED IN AT HARPOOT — SIGNS OF TROUBLE AROUND — PRESENCE OF H. B. H. " A SAFEGUARD TO THE TOWN" — COLLEGE FLOURISHING — H. B. H. ILL WITH MALARIAL FEVER — THE GREAT NEED OF HELP FOR THE ORPHANS 199

[page xii]

LETTER   PAGE
XXXI. SUMMARY BY R. H. F. OF PRIVATE LETTER FROM H. B. H — SYMPTOMS OF FURTHER MASSACRES — THE BLOW FELL AT EGHIN — HARPOOT THREATENED — STATE OF TERROR — THE PROTESTANTS TO BE SUPPRESSED — REPORT OF THE EGHIN MASSACRE
206
XXXII. INTENDED VISIT TO EGHIN — FURTHER REPORT OF THE MASSACRE THERE — TWO LETTERS FROM PROTESTANT ARMENIANS IN NEIGHBOURING TOWNS 212
XXXIII. LETTER FROM J. R. H., NARRATING HIS JOURNEY OUT OF ARMENIA IN AUGUST, VISITING KHANGAL, SIVAS : MARTYRDOM OF PASTOR — TOKAT : TOMB OF HENRY MARTYN — MARSOVAN — AMASIA : CLIMATE OF PONTUS : TERTULLIAN ON MARCION — SAMSOUN — REPORT ON REBUILDING VILLAGES — FURTHER REPORT ON EGHIN MASSACRE 217
XXXIV. ON THE EVE OF SETTING OUT FROM HARPOOT FOR ARABKIR AND EGHIN — THE LATE PANIC : MASSACRE AVERTED — THAT AT EGHIN CARRIED OUT BY THE CITIZENS : ALLEGED REVOLUTIONARY CAUSE FALSE — AT ARABKIR, THE PEOPLE STARVING — THE REPAIRED SCHOOLHOUSE AT HARPOOT WELL FILLED — COLLEGE DOING EXCELLENT WORK
227
XXXV. DEPARTURE FROM HARPOOT — DELAYS, FAREWELLS — TOILSOME JOURNEY — ARABKIR — A FINE CITY, IN RUINS — THE BETTER CLASSES IN POVERTY — VISITS FROM THE WOMEN TILL STOPPED BY THE GOVERNOR — A HEROIC TURKISH ZAPTIEH : VISIT TO HIS SICK-BED 231
XXXVI. LETTER FROM H. B. H. — VISITING THE WOMEN AT ARABKIR: A MEETING WITH THEM — DISORDER HARSHLY QUELLED BY THE SEXTON — JOURNEY TO EGHIN : A ROMANTIC LITTLE CITY, RUINS OF BEAUTIFUL HOUSES : SAD TALES OF THE MASSACRE THERE, AND AT FIVE NEAR VILLAGES — THE BEREAVED WOMEN IN THEIR HOMES — PROVISION OF WHEAT, BEDDING, ETC., FOR WINTER NEEDS — LETTER FROM MISS BUSH, EGHIN — LETTER FROM MISS SHATTUCK, OURFA 238
XXXVII. JOURNEY FROM SIVAS TO MARSOVAN VIA TOKAT — HARD TRAVEL — WELCOME AT MARSOVAN — 'AN IDEAL MISSION THERE — TOILSOME JOURNEY TO SAMSOUN — LETTER FROM HARPOOT, STATING PRESENT DIFFICULTIES AND THE APPARENT INTENTION OF THE GOVERNMENT TO CLOSE THE MISSION SCHOOLS, ETC. — RELIEF WORK IN EGHIN 249

 


Table of contents
The cover and pages 1-4 | Preface | Table of contents (as in the book)
Turkish Armenia with Route of J.R. & H.B. Harris (a map)
Letter I | Letter II | Letter III | Letter IV | Letter V | Letter VI | Letter VII | Letter VIII
Letter IX | Letter X | Letter XI | Letter XII | Letter XIII | Letter XIV | Letter XV
Letter XVI | Letter XVII | Letter XVIII | Letter XIX | Letter XX | Letter XXI | Letter XXII
Letter XXIII | Letter XXIV | Letter XXV | Letter XXVI | Letter XXVII | Letter XXVIII
Memorandum: Notes of Information from J. R. H. | Letter XXIX | Letter XXX
Letter XXXI | Letter XXXII | Letter XXXIII | Letter XXXIV | Letter XXXV
Letter XXXVI | Letter XXXVII

Acknowledgements:

Source: J. Rendel Harris & B. Helen Harris. Letters from the Scenes of the Recent Massacres in Armenia. London, James Nisbet & Co., Limited, 1897
Provided by: Aram Arkun, Krikor and Clara Zohrab Information Center
Scanned by: Karen Vrtanesyan
OCR: Irina Minasyan

See also:
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